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Yi Hwang

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Yi Hwang (이황; 李況; 1501-1570) was one of the two most prominent Korean Confucian scholars of the Joseon Dynasty, the other being his younger contemporary Yi I (Yulgok). Yi Hwang is often referred to by his pen name Toegye (퇴계; 退溪 "Retreating Creek"). His courtesy name was Gyeongho (경호; 景浩).

Toegyero--a street in central Seoul--is named after him, and he is depicted on the South Korean 10,000-Won note.

His works include:

  • The Ten Diagrams on Sage Learning (성학십도; 聖學十圖)
  • Outline and Explanations of the Works of Zhu Xi (주자서절요; 朱子書節要)
  • Commentary on the Scripture of the Heart (심경석의; 心經釋義)
  • History of Neo-Confucianism in the Song, Yuan and Ming Dynasties (송계원명이학통록; 宋季元明理學通錄)
  • The Four-Seven Debate (사칠속편; 四七續篇): discusses Mencius's philosophy with Ki Taesung

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